Fairchild PT-19A "Cornell"
||The Fairchild PT-19 “Cornell” was a primary trainer
developed for the U.S. Army Air Force. Traditionally, primary training was done
using biplanes like the Stearman PT-17 “Kaydet” or Navy N3N. However, later it
was felt that the transition from the very stable and forgiving biplanes to the
more challenging monoplane basic and advanced trainers was too abrupt; the
student would feel overconfident after mastering the biplane and have trouble
adjusting to the later monoplanes. Therefore, the Army decided to introduce
monoplane primary trainers like the PT-19. With a higher wing loading and stall
speed, it was more similar to the next step in the training, the BT-13.
Following its evaluation, the Army ordered 270 of the aircraft, with two open
cockpits, as the PT-19 "Cornell," powered by a Ranger L-440 six-cylinder,
inverted, air-cooled inline engine of 175 horsepower. This was followed by
larger orders, and Fairchild upgraded the aircraft with a 200 HP Ranger engine,
to create the PT-19A. To meet the increasing demand, the PT-19A was also built
by the Aeronca and St. Louis aircraft companies, with a total of more than 3,700
built. A shortage of Ranger engines led to the introduction of the PT-23, which
was the same PT-19 airframe equipped with a 220 HP Continental R-670 radial
engine. Over 7,700 Cornells were manufactured for the AAF, with almost 4,500 of
them PT-19s. Additional Cornells were produced for Canada, Norway, Brazil,
Ecuador and Chile.
In 1942, an enclosed-cockpit version of the Ranger-equipped PT-19 designated
the PT-26 was developed for the Royal Canadian Air Force. Just over 1,000 PT-26
and PT-26A aircraft were built, with some being produced in Canada by the Fleet
Length: 28 ft (8.5 m)
Wingspan: 36 ft (11 m)
Height: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
Gross weight: 2,545 lb (1,154 kg)
Powerplant: 1 × Ranger L-440-3 6-cyl. inverted
air-cooled in-line piston engine, 200 hp (150 kW)
Maximum speed: 115 kn; 212 km/h (132 mph)
Service ceiling: 15,300 ft (4,700 m)
The Cub is the safest airplane
in the world; it can just barely kill you.
— attributed to Max Stanley,
Northrop test pilot.